What are marijuana terpenes?
The strains of a cannabis are multi-faceted. Not only do they contain THC and CBD but they also contain numerous terpene profiles.
These compounds are what deliver the taste, flavor and smell to each plant. The scent is dependant on which terpenes are the most dominant.
Terpenes are actually not unique to just cannabis plans. Pinene, which is an aromatic compound, is present in conifers and pine needles while caryophyllene is present in a number of herbs and spices.
The scent of a terpene is all dependent on various ratios with one typically overpowering the others, which results in the different flavors we have come to recognize today.
Terpenes are located in the same location as the plant that produces THC, CBD and other cannabinoids.
These chemicals are responsible for developing odors to help cannabis prosper by repelling insects, attract pollinators and protect against bacteria.
How does the odor vary across different plants?
It’s all dependent on the plant’s individual climate, age, the condition of the soil, and the extraction process. (Terpenes diminish a week after the initial harvest when high heat is involved.)
Researchers have actually found a harmonious relationship between cannabinoid compounds and the factors that affect the endocannabinoid system.
Though the discovery of terpenes is still in its infancy, they are providing yet another exciting new avenue for connoisseurs and researchers to explore.
Mapping terpenes provide further information into which is which. As a matter of fact, some strains have been found to match THC and CBD levels meaning that differences lie strictly in terpene profiles.
This knowledge not only gives users ideas on which strains to choose from, but it also assists breeders in developing new strains.
Over 200 varieties of terpenes have already been identified - each with their own compositions and characteristics. Many labs now test for terpene content automatically.
Common terpenes include:
An earthy, musky scent, this terpene provides calming effects, and enhances the plant’s THC psychoactive properties. Myrcene is the most common terpene in cannabis, and is also found in lemongrass and leaves.
These include: ACDC Terpenes, Granddaddy Purple Terpenes
Just as the name suggests - This is a pine-based terpene which helps to increase your mental alertness and memory retention. This terpene is found in pine needles, conifers and sage.
Terpenes include: XJ-13 Terpenes, ATF Terpenes
This woody-scented terpene is said to suppress appetite and also provides anti-inflammatory relief.
If you love a floral and citrus scent then this terpene is for you! Feel relaxed yet slightly sedated as this terpene is ideal for those that suffer insomnia, anxiety and depression.
Terpenes include: Orange Cookies Terpenes
There are a wide variety of terpenes available on the market. Don’t be afraid to try different strains to find which ones work for you. Is there a terpene strain you have tried and enjoyed the most? Let us know in the comments below!